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Published 31.10.2019

Presentations about Somalia and the migration flows to Somalia

Even though the situation in Somalia is improving, the country is still in an unstable state, which is causing insecurity and affecting the migration flows to and from Somalia. This is how the main message of the event ‘The challenges and possibilities of return migration in the context of Somalia’ could be summed up. The event opened a Studia Generalia lecture series organised this autumn by the Migration Institute of Finland and the Finnish Immigration Service as part of the AUDA project.

The event was moderated by Senior Researcher Marja Tiilikainen from the Migration Institute of Finland. In her opening speech, she emphasised that the purpose of the lecture series is to discuss return migration on a general level, because return migration can take many forms and may happen through different processes. After these opening words, Project Manager Tarja Rantala presented the AUDA project for the audience. She told that one of the goals of the project has been to establish how the concept of voluntary return could be developed and improved so that it could provide support for both the returnee and the community and home country to which he or she returns. Rantala underlined in her speech that return can be a dignified and humane way of returning home, and it can be arranged in cooperation with the authorities and the civil society.

Jama Egal, working as an independent consultant, spoke of how Somalia is currently in the process of building peace and the country’s administration. He said that the security situation is unstable and that there is regional variation in it.

Senior Researcher Abdirashid Ismail from the Migration Institute of Finland spoke of the reasons there are for fleeing Somalia. Among the most important reasons were uncertainty, insecurity, and the lack of prospects for the future.

Researcher Abdirizak Hassan Mohamed spoke of his experiences in Somalia. Photo: Migration Institute of Finland

Marja Tiilikainen addressed in her speech the role of diaspora in the reconstruction of Somalia and listed reasons why people return to Somalia. Among these reasons are visits to relatives, opportunities for work or business, bad experiences abroad and being returned or deported from other countries. According to Tiilikainen, a person who returns to Somalia is usually expected to bring back something from abroad, for example competence and education.

Midwife Fadumo Bulhan and researcher Abdirizak Hassan Mohamed, both from the MIDA project, spoke of the experiences they gained in Somalia.

In the final presentation of the event, researcher Riku Santaharju from the Finnish Immigration Service spoke of the Country Information Service of the Finnish Immigration Service and the work involved in gathering country of origin information about Somalia.

Recordings of the lectures are available for viewing online. The upcoming events of the lecture series will be available for live viewing at the same address. View the live streams and recordings of the lecture series

The next lecture of the series is on Monday 4 November 2019 at 13–16 in Tieteiden talo in Helsinki. The topic of the lecture is ‘The challenges and possibilities of return migration in the context of Afghanistan’. Open the programme of the event

The two final events of the lecture series will take place as follows:

The challenges and possibilities of return migration in the context of Iraq
Tuesday 26 November 2019 at 13–16, Tieteiden talo, lecture room 104, Helsinki

Cross-border mobility and the many dimensions of return migration
Monday 16 December 2019 at 15–18, Turku City Library, Studio

The programmes for these lectures will later be available here.