Reintegration of voluntary returnees to Iraq from Finland has succeeded to a fair extent
The reintegration of Iraqi returnees to their home region has succeeded to a fair extent, according to a follow-up study conducted by the Finnish office of the International Organisation for Migration (IOM). The study was implemented by assignment from the Finnish Immigration Service, as part of the AUDA project. The study reveals that return assistance granted by Finland for voluntary returnees helps them return to their home country. The success of reintegration is affected by return assistance and also by major societal problems, such as unemployment or deficiencies in health care.
Settling down in the community that the returnee left has succeeded better than settling down in a completely new place of residence. A small majority of the returnees do well in psychosocial terms. Problems with livelihood caused concern for almost all returnees.
The IOM interviewed 195 returnees who had returned to various parts of Iraq in 2017 and 2018, most of them to Baghdad. The purpose was to establish how their reintegration with cash or in-kind support granted by Finland and return arrangements made by the IOM has begun. Most of the returnees were men between 18 and 34 years of age.